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Traditional vs. Modern Pest Control

Traditional vs. Modern Pest Control: Mumbai’s Evolving Approach

Mumbai, with its rich history and rapid modernization, has witnessed a significant evolution in various facets of life, including pest control. From age-old home remedies passed down through generations to cutting-edge techniques employed by professionals today, the city’s approach to managing pests has transformed remarkably. Let’s trace this journey and understand the shifts in pest control methods over the years.

Traditional Pest Control Methods

Historically, Mumbai residents relied on natural and home-based solutions to combat pests:

  • Herbs and Plants: Plants like neem, tulsi, and lemongrass were commonly used to repel mosquitoes and other pests.
  • Natural Repellents: Camphor and cloves were popularly used to ward off insects, especially during monsoons.
  • Physical Barriers: Mosquito nets and simple wire mesh screens were common fixtures in homes to prevent the entry of flying pests.
  • Smoke: Burning coconut shells or specific herbs produced smoke that acted as a repellent for mosquitoes.

Modern Pest Control Techniques

With advancements in science and technology, Mumbai has seen a shift towards more sophisticated methods:

  • Chemical Pesticides: These offer a quick solution to infestations and are widely used by professionals. However, their usage requires caution due to potential health implications. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) provides guidelines on safe pesticide usage.
  • Electronic Repellents: Devices that emit ultrasonic or electromagnetic waves to deter pests have gained popularity in urban households.
  • Bait Stations: Used primarily for rodents, these stations lure pests with bait and trap or poison them.
  • Integrated Pest Management (IPM): This holistic approach combines various methods, focusing on prevention, monitoring, and control. The National Pest Management Association (NPMA) offers insights into IPM.


As Mumbai continues to grow and evolve, the need for effective pest control remains paramount. While traditional methods offer natural solutions, modern techniques provide quick and efficient results. A balanced combination of both, tailored to the city’s unique challenges, can ensure a pest-free environment for its residents.

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